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It can sometimes also be referred to as a fixed exchange rate, or pegging. Cost of carry is the amount of additional money you might have to spend in order to maintain a position. Ask Price – The ask price is the price at which the market will sell a specific currency pair to you.


  • A standard lot is equivalent to 100,000 units of the base currency.
  • Cost of carry is the amount of additional money you might have to spend in order to maintain a position.
  • When trading Forex, leverage refers to the use of borrowed money to increase the pot.
  • A stock index is a group of shares that are used to give an indication of a sector, exchange or economy.
  • Gearing Gearing refers to trading a notional value that is greater than the amount of capital a trader is required to hold in his or her trading account.
  • Typically, it’s when a trader makes the technical blunder of investing too much capital in a single position or market.

It gives investors and other interested parties an insight into how a company is operating and whether it has the ability to generate a profit. A pip is a measurement of movement in forex trading, defined as the smallest move that a currency can make. In trading, an order is a request sent to a broker or trading platform to make a trade on a financial instrument. An ‘off-book’ trade refers to the process of trading shares away from an exchange or regulated body.

It differs from an https://forexaggregator.com/’s futures price, which is the price for delivery at some date in the future, or its expected price. It is a key tool used in technical analysis, assessing the momentum of assets to gauge whether they are in overbought or oversold territory. A rally is a period in which the price of an asset sees sustained upward momentum. Typically, a rally will occur after a period in which prices have been flat, trading in a narrow band, or experiencing a decline. A profit and loss (P&L) statement is a financial report that provides a summary of a company’s revenue, expenses and profit.


This article aims to simplify the entire process and help you understand these terms better. As discussed above, two currency forms the combination with each other to form a currency pair. The first currency in the currency pair is called Base currency and the second currency called the quote currency.

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These enable traders to define when they require to stop an order, either to maximize profits or to reduce the risk of major losses. Stop Loss and Take Profit are both marvelous tools to help with risk management strategies and consequently your financial returns. PIP stand for “percentage in points” or “price interest point”. It expresses the small measure or movement change in a currency pair in the forex. A pip is a fourth and final number after the decimal point (except for Japanese yen-based currency pairs. These are illustrated to only two decimal points). For example, if any trader earned 40 pips, it means there is a 40 pips movement between the currency pair, he traded.

Banks can manage each other in monetary standards, regularly via telephone, or through EBS or Reuters Dealing. Liquidity is used in finance to describe how easily an asset can be bought or sold in the market without affecting its price – it can also be known as market liquidity. When there is a high demand for an asset, there is high liquidity, as it will be easier to find a buyer for that asset. Economic indicator– An officially sanctioned measurement that shows current economic development and dependability. Usual signs incorporate work rates, Gross Domestic Product , swelling, local deals, and so on.

Margin deposit definition

However, there is another reason why a large number of traders feel attracted to the Forex market – leverage. In the end, buyers buy at the ask price, and sellers sell at the bid price. Given its nature, the bid price is always lower than the ask price. Forex trading concepts are vast and need time to understand them completely because these contain many difficult terms as well. You should give your time in learning and understanding these because it is very crucial before starting forex trading. Some forex concepts will take time to understand because of some complex terminologies.


„Bullish“ is a term in Forex that describes a market in which prices are trending upwards. „Bearish,“ on the other hand, means a market in which prices are going down, and bears think the trend will continue and sell. A bullish market trend occurs when the price of an asset tends to increase over time. The term „bullish“ is also used in a more general sense to describe people who are optimistic about the future, for example, for economic reasons.

#1 Bid Price

Closing a forex position as a means to collect the related profit. Micro lot refers to 1,000 units of the base currency within a pair. This is an alert that notifies you that you need to make an additional deposit in order to increase your margin to keep remaining positions active.

  • ECN stands for “Electronic Communication Network”, while STP means “Straight Through Processing”.
  • At best-A guidance given to a vendor to purchase or sell at the best rate exists at a particular time.
  • If you’re a day trader or scalper, you need to pay attention to the bid/ask spread since it can eat a large portion of your profits at the end of the day.
  • Short for foreign exchange, the exchange of currencies, or buying one and selling another.
  • For 1.2, the spread is 12 pips and if you open a trade with a standard lot the trading cost will be 12 US dollars.

A buy limit order order is always set below the current price whereas a sell limit order is always set above the current price. It is the total amount of money in your trading account, including your profit and losses. For instance, if you deposited USD 10,000 into your account and you also made a profit of USD 3,000, your equity amounts to USD 13,000. Always choose a broker that offers no negative balance protection, and so your losses will never exceed your capital. This means that if your loss reaches USD 5,000, your positions will be closed automatically so that you will not end up owing money to your broker. As you can see in our example, your initial deposit serves as a guarantee for the leveraged amount of 100,000 USD.

GER40 An index of the top 40 companies listed on the German stock exchange – another name for the DAX. What’s important when trading on leverage is to always keep an eye on your free margin. Your free margin equals your total equity (account size + any unrealized profits/losses), minus your used margin.

Like stockbrokers, they charge a fee – though usually in the form of a spread instead of commission – in order to execute orders placed by their clients. Crystallisation means selling an asset in order to realise capital gains or losses. Retail traders don’t typically want to take delivery of the currencies they buy. They are only interested in profiting on the difference between their transaction prices. Because of this, most retail brokers will automatically „roll over“ their currency positions at 5 p.m.

Forex (FX): Definition, How to Trade Currencies, and Examples

On the basic side, your course has lead me into some strong understanding. I have started in February 2019 unfortunately I have blown my account only because I have noticed that I was not equipped enough to start trading. Nial Fuller is a professional trader, author & coach who is considered ‘The Authority’ on Price Action Trading. He has taught over 25,000 students via his Price Action Trading Course since 2008. Assume a trader believes that the EUR will appreciate against the USD. Another way of thinking of it is that the USD will fall relative to the EUR.

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Incurring a rollover rate means the interest that a trader must pay when he or she holds an open position overnight. Considering that such positions continue from one day to the next, the term “rollover” is fittingly used. Standing for “percentage in point”, it represents the smallest possible price change that can occur within an exchange rate. More often than not, a currency is presented to four decimal points, with the smallest alteration in price occurring within the final decimal of the price listed.

A hedge is an https://trading-market.org/ or trade designed to reduce your existing exposure to risk. The process of reducing risk via investments is called ‚hedging‘. A commodity is a basic physical asset, often used as a raw material in the production of goods or services. Bond trading is one way of making profit from fluctuations in the value of corporate or government bonds. Many view it as an essential part of a diversified trading portfolio, alongside stocks and cash. In trading and investing, the bid is the amount a party is willing to pay in order to buy a financial instrument.


In Forex, education is everything; being a well-versed trader in the forex glossary is a key to understand what’s going on in the market. Here, you will see the top 100 forex terms and its definition. From Pips to leverage, from bulls to bears, everything you need to know in the Foreign exchange market.

Traders follow the CoT report to identify extreme levels of long or short positions in a currency, which may signal a trend reversal. OTC – OTC stands for “over-the-counter.” The Forex market is an OTC market, as there are no centralised exchanges at which currencies are traded. Instead, currencies are directed directly between two parties, usually with the intermediation of a financial institution such as a bank or broker. The stock market, on the other hand, is not an OTC market as stocks are traded on a stock exchange. FX – The term Forex is an abbreviation of the foreign exchange market – the world’s largest financial market and the marketplace of currencies. Investors use technical analysis as a means to forecast future price changes within the forex market.

A resistance level is the point on a price chart at which an upward price trajectory is impeded by an overwhelming inclination to sell the asset. If a market price is nearing a resistance level, a trader may opt to close their position and take the profit, rather than risk the price falling back. Chargeable gain refers to a profitable change in the price of an asset – measured between the time when the assets were purchased, and the time when they are sold.

Automated trading – also known as algorithmic trading – is the use of algorithms for making trade orders. An annual general meeting is a yearly gathering between the shareholders of a company and its board of directors. Generally, this is the only time that the directors and shareholders will meet throughout the year, so it is a chance for the directors to present the company’s annual report.

Inflation refers to the increase in the https://forexarena.net/ of goods and services, over time. For example, the price of your coffee may have increased from $2, last year, to $2.10 this year. This is because when trading CFD’s profits can be made from price moving both higher and lower. Volume in your MT4 and MT5 trading terminals refers to the amount you want to trade.